Pick and Place Robots: What Are They and How Do They Work?


The warehouse automation market size is predicted to grow in value from $20.35 billion this year to a whopping $30.15 billion by the year 2026. That’s more than a 30% increase in just 3 years. And with this growth in automation comes a drive from companies to modernize their warehouses and logistics operations in a way that facilitates the automation process. In doing so, many businesses turn to pick and place robots.


Pick and Place Robots What Are They and How Do They Work

What Are Pick and Place Robots?

In simplest terms, a pick and place robot is “a type of industrial robot that is used for handling and placing products on a production line.” Pick and place robots boost warehouse efficiency by taking over the work traditionally done by humans. Based on their name alone, the primary significance of these robots is clear: the fact that they step in for people when it comes to jobs requiring objects to be picked up and put down. But where did they come from, how do they work, and why are they so important? That’s what we’re here to talk about today.

How Has Robotics In Logistics Evolved Over Time?

Over the last years, there has been a drastic shift taking place in the logistics industry, due to the continuous advancement of robotics technology. The journey of robotics in logistics can be traced back to the early days of automation when simple mechanized systems were used to streamline repetitive tasks in warehouses and distribution centers. These early systems paved the path for the development of more sophisticated robotic solutions specifically designed for the logistics sector.

As artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics capabilities progressed, so did the complexity of robotic systems in logistics. Today, we have sophisticated pick and place robots that combine AI algorithms, machine vision, advanced sensors, and other varied components to handle a wide range of tasks with precision and efficiency. These robots have become a critical component in the supply chain, offering significant improvements in productivity, accuracy, and speed when compared to their human counterparts. With their ability to work around the clock without enduring bodily harm or exhaustion, pick and place robots have revolutionized warehouse operations, order fulfillment, inventory management, and material handling processes.


How Do Pick and Place Robots Actually Work

How Do Pick and Place Robots Actually Work?

The functionality of pick and place robots involves a series of well-coordinated steps that enable them to handle objects with incomparable precision and accuracy. The process begins with object detection, where the robot uses various sensors, such as 2D and 3D cameras, to identify and locate the objects to be picked. These sensors provide vital information about the size, shape, and position of the object, allowing the robot to plan its movements accordingly.

Once the object is detected, the robot utilizes advanced algorithms and AI-driven decision making to determine the optimal grasp pose. Depending on the type of object which needs to be picked, different types of grippers may need to be used (the difference between picking up a garlic clove, a cardboard box, a metal rod, etc.) These include vacuum suction cups, mechanical grippers, or a different type of gripper altogether. The gripper is carefully positioned and maneuvered to securely grasp the object on its own, without grasping nearby objects or causing any damage to the object or its environment.

After grasping the object in question, the robot performs precise movements to transport it to the desired location. The robot’s control system ensures smooth and accurate movements while avoiding collisions with obstacles around it. Once the robot reaches the target location, it releases the object with controlled force and accuracy, ensuring a gentle placement.

Throughout this entire process, pick and place robots rely on a combination of perception, decision making, and precise motor control to execute their tasks quickly and efficiently. The integration of AI, machine learning, and advanced sensors enables these robots to adjust to various objects and environments, making them versatile and adaptable solutions for logistics and supply chain operations.

What Are The Applications of Pick and Place Robots?

The applications of pick and place robots in the logistics and supply chain space are vast and varied, transforming traditional material handling processes and unlocking new levels of efficiency and productivity. One prominent application is in e-commerce order fulfillment centers. With more and more consumers taking advantage of online shopping possibilities, pick and place robots play a crucial role in automating the picking and sorting of individual items from large inventories. These robots can effortlessly navigate through aisles, identify products, and precisely pick and place them into designated bins or totes, significantly accelerating the order fulfillment process while reducing errors.

Another integral application of pick and place robots is in warehouse logistics. These robots excel at handling tasks such as palletizing and depalletizing, where they efficiently stack and arrange goods on pallets. By automating these labor-intensive tasks, pick and place robots optimize space utilization, improve load stability, and enhance worker safety. Additionally, they can seamlessly integrate with conveyor systems, creating an uninterrupted flow of materials within the warehouse.

See what it takes for a robot to pick unknown objects from a pallet.

What Does the Future Look Like With Pick and Place Robots?

All in all, pick and place robots have emerged as crucial assets in the logistics and supply chain space, transforming the way materials are handled, sorted, and placed. These robots, powered by advanced artificial intelligence and robotics technologies, bring speed, precision, and efficiency to a wide range of applications. From e-commerce order fulfillment centers to warehouse logistics, pick and place robots reduce errors, streamline operations, and optimize productivity. With their ability to perceive and understand the environment, make intelligent decisions, and execute precise movements, pick and place robots exemplify the optimal integration of human expertise and technological innovation. Not only do they automate repetitive and labor-intensive tasks, but these robots also allow human workers to focus their energy on more complex activities.

Looking ahead, the future of pick and place robots holds even greater promise. Enhanced connectivity, machine learning, and collaborative capabilities will pave the way for smart and adaptive robotic systems, the possibilities of which are truly endless. As these technologies continue to advance, we can expect pick and place robots to play an increasingly pivotal role in shaping the logistics landscape and driving efficiency gains. By embracing transformative technologies that facilitate automation in the logistics and supply chain space, we can continuously work towards a future where humans and robots work hand in hand, harnessing the power of automation to propel the logistics industry into new realms of success.

Let’s discuss how we can help you

We’re happy to chat to see how we can help solve your problems best. Schedule to pick our brains or request a demo.

Logistics, AI, and robotics news curated by industry experts. Delivered to your inbox once a month.

Subscribe to newsletter